Archive for the ‘News & Events’ Category

IS DEVIL’S TRIANGLE ALL IN THE MIND?

Nov 18, 2005 – JohnFMurray.com – Editorial by John F. Murray, Ph.D. – A recent Bermuda Triangle investigation rekindled mystery and prompted a House resolution as seen in the article below by David Barnes.

Now Dr. John F. Murray has new evidence about John F. Kennedy Jr.’s plane crash following discussions with pilots and air traffic controllers, and evidence to suggest that Bermuda Triangle type events may be explained by psychological factors.

First, the article by David Barnes:

WASHINGTON � Four months after the end of World War II, five Navy bombers took off into sunny skies from Fort Lauderdale on a routine training mission, never to be seen again. Soon after, a rescue plane was sent to find them. It, too, vanished.

Now a new NBC News investigation marking the 60th anniversary of Flight 19’s disappearance in the Bermuda Triangle is rekindling speculation on what happened that day. The anniversary also prompted a resolution in Congress by Rep. Clay Shaw, R-Fort Lauderdale, to commemorate the mission’s 27 vanished pilots and crewmembers.

“Perhaps someday we will learn what happened and lay this mystery to rest,” Shaw said Thursday, a day after the resolution passed the House 420-2.

The story of Flight 19 fixed the world’s attention on the Bermuda Triangle, a patch of open water between Fort Lauderdale, Bermuda and Puerto Rico in which dozens of boats and planes have mysteriously vanished.

On the afternoon of Dec. 5, 1945, Flight 19’s five Navy torpedo bombers took off from Fort Lauderdale Naval Air Station, carrying 14 Marines and Navy airmen. Less than two hours later, the squadron’s leader alerted the control tower that they couldn’t tell which direction they were flying.

The planes had disappeared from the base’s radar. In fading transmissions, Flight 19’s leader said the squadron would fly northeast to make sure they were not over the Gulf of Mexico â€â€? on the other side of the Florida peninsula.

After about 90 minutes of wandering over open water with no land in sight, the lead pilot said the planes would fly west “until we hit the beach or run out of gas.” That was the last radio transmission.

The Navy scrambled to send a Mariner rescue plane to find the missing bombers, but soon after, the rescue plane and its crew of 13 also disappeared.

In the days that followed, hundreds of ships and planes scoured more than 200,000 square miles of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida peninsula in what remains the largest search effort in maritime history, according to Washington’s Naval Historical Center.

No crash debris, or even a single scrap of evidence that could have provided clues to the flight’s fate, were found.

In making its documentary � scheduled to air Nov. 27 on the Sci Fi cable network � NBC sent two research vessels to search the site where Flight 19 disappeared from the radar. The documentary failed to turn up new physical evidence on Flight 19.

Now the Editorial by John F. Murray, Ph.D.:

Much has been written and said over the past 60 years attributing the missing planes of 1945 to some mysterious zone called the Bermuda or Devil’s Triangle. It is described as some odd menace that gobbles up planes without leaving a trace. Some claim that it produces a natural magnetic force that throws off navigational instruments, while others believe an evil entity dooms them.

Hogwash! After investigating this story and discussing these and other strange events with two long-time military and commercial airplane pilots and two air traffic controllers, I’m convinced that psychological factors better explain these events.

According to a credible source, the media failed to report something about John F. Kennedy Jr.’s behavior on that fateful day of July 16, 1999. According to that source who was involved in an air traffic control tower in New York that day, “Kennedy’s plane blew right past the control tower without telling anyone at all!” It is standard procedure to check in properly and receive a code for identification purposes during a flight. He totally neglected this.

While Kennedy’s reckless behavior was not reported at the time, perhaps as a protection to his family, it indicates a very impatient mindset that day after he had to wait a long time for his passengers to arrive. It is also a preview to his later poor mental skills when he declined to turn on the auto-pilot, and then tried to rely on visual sight in a virtual soup of darkness with no horizon.

Malcolm Gladwell wrote in a New Yorker article that Kennedy’s panic led to his demise. He could not see the horizon, became spatially disoriented, and went into a graveyard spiral. This is simply deficient mental or psychological skills. I see it everyday in my work with pro athletes and teams. In short, if Kennedy had slowed down and relied on his instruments, he might be running for President today. In this context mental skills are extremely important.

But let’s go back to the mysterious devil’s triangle. My sources in aviation tell me that there have been B-52 and other military crashes never reported in the media as a result of pilot oversight. Again we see evidence of poor mental skills.

They also reveal that the area known as the Bermuda Triangle is the one area in the world full of amateur pilots, and more amateurs than anywhere else on the planet! The sheer volume of inexperienced pilots leads to more mistakes and crashes as a result of poor mental focus, panic, and choking.

I could find not one iota of verifiable evidence that this area produces any mysterious magnetic changes that would disturb the navigation of planes. The planes that disappeared in 1945 were led by a squadron leader who probably had trouble with his instruments for any number of reasons. If you simply place a screwdriver near a compass, it will do strange things. But it could have also been any number of psychological or medical factors such as a panic attack or seizure that caused him to lose focus. All the other pilots were instructed to focus only on the leader. When the leader was lost, they were doomed with him.

When this pilot tried to correct and come home by going west, he might have actually been out in the Gulf of Mexico and ended up going just further west into the Gulf. Or he might have been off the east coast of Florida and thought he was going west when he was actually traveling northwest. This would have put him near the Carolinas. In either case, the planes would have disappeared with no trace, far from where they were supposedly lost. The Gulfstream would take care of any remaining crash debris in the east.

What about the plane that was lost in trying to rescue the squadron? I am told that this was a very unreliable plane of which only 8 had been produced. It was most likely just a very coincidental crash. And this crash could have also been attributed better to psychological or mental factors than some sea monster or supernatural vortex.

What does all this mean? It means that whether we are talking about today’s newly released information about John F. Kennedy Jr.s behavior on July 16, 1999, the sheer volume of traffic and corresponding crashes in the Bermuda Triangle, the loss of a whole squadron led by one leader, or the loss of a rescue plane, the Devil’s Triangle is better explained by poor mental skills and reckless behavior than magical or mysterious forces.

I hope you enjoy the upcoming television feature. It should be educational. Just don’t forget that the Bermuda Triangle may really just be a function of underdeveloped mental training.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

REMEMBERING RIK VON NUTTER (1929-2005)

Nov 12, 2005 – Hello from John F. Murray. The sole purpose of this page is to honor the memory of a great friend, actor Rik Von Nutter, with a personal tribute. Rik recently passed away, as reported in the Palm Beach Post on October 17, 2005. Feel free to share your positive comments in Rik’s memory to johnfmurray@mindspring.com to be considered for later posting.

I was one of the few people who knew Rik in the past few years in the USA. He lived all over the world, but lived a very private life. This was a marked contrast to his many years acting and directing in over 25 films, and he was involved in some of the absolute best films.

Rik enjoyed telling stories about of his movie career and relationships with some of the most famous actors, as well as about his international travels. I loved renting his movies (his career spanned from the late 1950s onward) and seeing how his roles changed over the years. We often discussed his movies and sometimes I would tease him that the movie was terrible (Inchon, for example), but most of his movies were good.

Rik was a superb individual with a gentle personality and remarkable insight into human nature. He was cheerful and lucid the last time I saw him, and he would prod me to continue my success in losing weight, joking that I needed to eat slowly with a black plastic fork that he presented to me with a smile.

Rik is best remembered publicly for playing CIA agent Felix Leiter in the James Bond movie Thunderball, and starred in many other movies. He lived in Italy for years and was married to the famous movie actress Anita Ekberg in the 1960s and 70s. You remember Anita from La Dolce Vita (1960)

Rik respected Sean Connery very much as an actor. He brightened to talk about wife Anita Ekberg even though the marriage fizzled in the 1970s. He always said “the papparazi never stopped chasing her.” Rik took control of a situation with Anita one legendary evening in Rome in 1970, as reported in Time Magazine. We’ll spare the details, but Rik told me to look up the Time article. The bottom line is that no matter the conflict or the situation, Rik was able to see the glass as half full. He was an eternal optimist.

Rik admired running back Jim Brown (“he was such a great guy”) and laughed about the scene in Pacific Inferno when Jim threw him across the room – and then kept asking him if he was alright!

I will miss Rik greatly and offer my sincere condolences to his family, friends and fans. Thank you for joining me in his memory.

Rest in Peace Rik.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

LOST IN THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE

South China Morning Post – Dec 11, 2005 – Richard Luscombe – SECTION: NEWS; Pg. 16 – Sixty years after the disappearance of a US Navy training flight, the mystery of a notorious stretch of water that has claimed so many lives still endures, writes Richard Luscombe

It has been almost three decades since Steven Spielberg “solved” the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle in his classic science-fiction movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind.

The Lost Patrol, five US Navy training aircraft that vanished without trace off the Florida coast in December 1945 in the notorious triangular stretch of the Atlantic bordered by Bermuda, Miami and Puerto Rico, were simply abducted by aliens.

It might be a far-fetched theory, but nobody today is really any closer to the truth. This month’s 60th anniversary of the sudden disappearance of Flight 19, and a rescue plane sent to find them, has provoked renewed interest in hundreds of missing ships and aircraft, but the triangle remains an enigma destined never to be fully resolved.

“People are fascinated by the Bermuda Triangle because it’s one of the world’s great mysteries,” said Gian Quasar, a California-based author who has spent more than a decade researching the subject.

“The last island has been discovered, the last mountain has been climbed, but there’s something here still to be discovered.

“There’s also something tangible about it all. The aircraft and ships that disappeared did exist, the people who were on them were real people.”

The Flight 19 episode was the most intriguing of countless unexplained disappearances of aircraft and ships in the Bermuda Triangle dating back more than 200 years, and some experts believe the fate of the 27 airmen on the training flight and rescue mission could hold the key to the entire mystery.

Theories put forward over the years include the presence of an electromagnetic “fog” that rendered navigation equipment useless, extreme and sudden weather conditions and even supernatural forces or UFOs. Other pilots have reported being “buzzed” by strange objects.

Aircraft disappeared from radar screens with no wreckage ever found. Ships, some with hundreds of crewmembers aboard, put to sea and were never seen again. No official records are kept, but over time thousands of people are unaccounted for.

The puzzle is still being debated at the highest levels of government, even though officials do not recognise the concept of the Bermuda Triangle and the US Coastguard dismisses all talk of the supernatural or alien forces at work.

It insists that no more lives are lost in the heavily traversed triangle than any other half-million square miles of sea. “The combined forces of nature and unpredictability of mankind outdo even the most far-fetched science fiction many times each year,” according to the US Navy’s historical centre in Washington DC.

But Congressman Clay Shaw of Florida is one politician who believes there could be something out there. “There’s just so many weird things here,” he said after persuading Congress to support his motion honouring Flight 19 commander Charles Taylor and the lost crewmen last month. “Perhaps some day we will learn what happened and lay this mystery to rest.”

Ironically, the most expensive and thorough expedition ever launched to try to solve the mystery returned last month with more questions than answers. A costly underwater expedition off the Florida coast, aided by 20 scientists and technology experts and using Nasa satellites for the first time, failed to find any trace of the lost planes.

Filmmakers also staged a re-enactment of the doomed flight from Fort Lauderdale in a vintage 60-year-old Avenger torpedo bomber identical to the navy’s lost aircraft, yet found no clues to what might have caused the planes’ compasses to malfunction, or Lieutenant Taylor to radio in saying that he had lost his bearings and did not know if the pilots were over the Bahamas or Florida Keys.

One early theory was that the pilots became disoriented and thought they were heading back to land when they were actually flying east and further out to sea, where they ran out of fuel.

Alleged sightings of the flight crossing the Florida coast and signals picked up by an aircraft carrier from five unidentified planes later that day appear to debunk that theory. Yet despite one of the biggest searches in maritime history, involving hundreds of ships and aircraft in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, no trace was ever found of Flight 19 or the lost rescue plane.

“We know why they got lost but the big mystery is why they didn’t come back,” Mr Quasar said.

Nautical researcher David Bright led the marine expedition to try to find Flight 19’s rescue plane, thought to have crashed with 13 airmen aboard. “We took into account that there could be scenarios where the ‘ship’ exploded in midair and pieces would come down,” he said.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

“Or that it exploded as it hit the water, or that it may have hit the water and parts of it could have blown up yet the remainder could have gone on a little further with the tides. We were excited about the science we did out there and none of us would have done anything differently.”

History records many similar chilling tales, such as the plight of the USS Cyclops, a 165m navy warship that vanished in the triangle in March 1918 with its 306 crew and passengers, just days after leaving Bridgetown, Barbados.

Another large vessel, the 153m tanker Marine Sulphur Queen, disappeared in February 1963 on its way from Texas to Virginia. All that was ever found of the ship or 39 crewmen was one solitary lifejacket, recovered 75km from her last known position in the Florida Strait.

John Murray, a psychologist based in West Palm Beach, Florida, believes that some pilots and captains simply panicked after they become disoriented. Experts claim that the triangle is one of two places on earth, with Japan’s so-called Devil Sea, where compasses point to true north, not magnetic north.

“The triangle is better explained by poor mental skills and reckless behaviour than magical or mystical forces. The Bermuda Triangle may really just be a function of under-developed mental training,” he said.

Mr Quasar, meanwhile, believes the truth is still waiting to be found, but theories of the paranormal can be discounted.

“The enigma of the triangle is real,” he said. “But it’s not aliens, and it’s not ghosts doing nasty things to people. The unexplained is not the supernatural.”

MANNING FACES PAT MEMORIES

USA Today – Nov 04, 2005 – Tom Weir – Monday night, the Indianapolis Colts face their nemesis, the New England Patriots, in a matchup where the examination of Xs and Os has given way to psychological analysis.

Peyton Manning’s memories of the Patriots are not fond ones considering he is 2-10 against the team since 1998.

The conventional wisdom is this is a mini-Super Bowl for the Colts, even when they are the NFL’s only remaining unbeaten team and have a 1½-game lead in the AFC race for home-field advantage in the playoffs.

New England has been characterized as the monkey on Indianapolis’ back, but the Patriots have been more like a herd of gorillas mooning the Colts’ team bus every time it departs Foxboro, Mass.

The Patriots are 10-2 when Peyton Manning is the opposing quarterback and 7-0 against him at Foxborough, which also is where the Colts have been ousted from the playoffs the past two seasons.

So, with the Colts headed to the scene of their darkest memories, how did they use their time during the just-completed bye week? Poring over Patriots film? Getting an early start on the game plan? Shopping for mojos on eBay?

Hardly. Head coach Tony Dungy went fishing in Florida and gave his players a vacation, saying he preferred to stick to his normal week of preparation and treat New England like any opponent.

“If we win the game, we certainly don’t want to feel like all of a sudden we’ve arrived, or we beat the New England Patriots so our season’s over,” Dungy says. “That will get us in trouble.”

Thursday, Manning was asked to characterize the tension, the buildup, and whether this is a must-win for the Colts’ collective psyche.

“Let’s see,” said Manning, surveying the Indianapolis locker room. “You’ve got a card game going on over there, somebody’s reading a book over there.”

The pregame hype includes Manning sharing the cover of this week’s Sports Illustrated with New England quarterback Tom Brady. After three steady seasons of answering rounds of New England-oriented questions, Manning has become adept at fending them off.

Is he more confident entering this New England game?

“I can’t really remember my mood going into the week the other times we played them.”

What would a victory do for the team’s confidence?

“I can’t answer that.”

Does he constantly hear about the losses to New England?

“I don’t keep a chart or anything.”

Prodded further to give perspective on what vanquishing New England would do for Indianapolis’ mind-set, Manning passed on making any Freudian analogies and quoted a line uttered by the Ebby Calvin LaLoosh character in Bull Durham:

“I like winning. It’s better than losing.”

Getting over the hurdle a chore

Rather than focus on the history of this series, Colts defensive tackle Montae Reagor suggests a review of the league standings, which show New England at 4-3.

“I wouldn’t say this is our measuring stick,” says Reagor, one of the anchors on a defensive unit that has allowed an NFL-low 77 points this season. “We’re 7-0. We’re the undefeated team.”

New England head coach Bill Belichick concurs, saying, “I don’t see how you can say anybody is better than them. They haven’t lost a game. That’s more than anybody else can say.”

But the Colts still are at a junction other excellent teams faced before winning a Super Bowl.

Green Bay lost three consecutive playoff games at Dallas in the ’90s, then got its Super Bowl championship in the 1996 season when Carolina did the Packers the favor of beating Dallas in a playoff.

Tampa Bay lost playoff games at Philadelphia in 2000 and 2001, then set up its 2002 season Super Bowl win by beating the Eagles in the last game at Veterans Stadium.

Sports psychologists say there’s a harrowing aspect to facing an opponent who always has come out ahead, even if it’s a New England team that hasn’t won back-to-back games this season.

“Absolutely, confidence and momentum have a life of their own that pervades the team psyche,” says John F. Murray, a Palm Beach, Fla., sports psychologist who has worked with NFL players.

“The greatest source of confidence is past success, so if you have a history of blowing it several times in a row, the tendency could be dwelling on that.”

Until the Colts end their six-game losing streak against the Patriots, adds Murray, “They’re facing two enemies, the team they’re facing, and their history.”

Roland A. Carlstedt, chairman of the American Board of Sport Psychology, says he has done extensive research on more than 40 teams and 700 athletes.

If a team has individuals with a negative predisposition about facing their opponent, said Carlstedt in an e-mail, “They go into a game over- or under-activated. They fear losing, experiencing a coach’s wrath. When the game is on, they are slower, weaker and lack mind-body control, dynamics that can be captured in EEG and heart-rate variability studies or monitoring.”

Carlstedt adds, “These types of players remain stuck in an anxious ‘thinking’ instead of a ‘just do it’ state that disrupts the fine mind-body control required for peak performance.”

Key game in season’s stretch

That description seemingly applies to Indianapolis when it plays New England, particularly in regard to football’s most important statistic, turnovers.

Since Dungy became head coach in 2002, Indianapolis trails only Kansas City for coming up with more turnovers than it gives up, with a plus-32 mark.

But in the four Dungy-coached games against New England, Indianapolis has committed 13 turnovers to the Patriots’ seven.

Since the Colts’ Manning era began in 1998, the turnover count in head-to-head games is New England 11, Indianapolis 34.

Says Dungy: “People that win big games are people that can function in a pressurized environment and do the same things that they do in a training-camp practice, and that’s what we have not done against New England in the past.”

Dungy adds, “We’ve gone up there and false-started on the first play of the game, when we haven’t had a penalty in four or five weeks.”

Says Colts receiver Brandon Stokley: “I don’t think they’ve been in our heads. They’ve played better than us, and that’s the bottom line.”

Defensive tackle Corey Simon, a Pro Bowler with Philadelphia before coming to Indianapolis as a free agent this season, rolls his eyes at the mention of the psychology factor.

“Psychology. Oh gosh,” says Simon. “This is football. It’s not psychology class. … This team needs to beat New England because that’s who we play this week. That’s the only reason.”

But another reason Indianapolis needs to win is that its second-half schedule gets notably tougher after an early slate that included Baltimore, Cleveland, Tennessee, San Francisco and Houston, who are a combined 9-27.

Coming up are Pittsburgh, Cincinnati and Seattle, who are 16-6 combined.

“All we are is off to a good start,” Manning says. “We knew after this bye week the kind of stretch of football that we’re going to have. This should really tell the tale of what kind of team we are, what kind of team we have, starting on Monday.”

Offense + defense this time

A bigger factor than any New England mental edge might be that Indianapolis is a different team this year, grinding out long drives, throwing shorter passes and relying on its defense.

Last year, receivers Marvin Harrison, Reggie Wayne, Dallas Clark and Stokley had yards-per-catch averages ranging from 12.9 to 16.9 yards. This season, Wayne’s 11.8 average leads the Colts’ core group of receivers.

“I think we’ve surprised some people with our patience,” Manning says. “People say, ‘Boy, you must not like this. The defense is getting all the attention.’ I say, ‘You’ve got it all wrong. This is the way you should have it.’ ”

Last season Manning had 22 touchdown passes after seven games, en route to an NFL-record 49 and his second MVP. With only 11 so far, he grins while acknowledging that fantasy league players “aren’t happy with me. … We’ve got different priorities.”

Although Indianapolis scored an average of only 15.7 points its first three games, it since has averaged 35.5. And though Manning raised eyebrows with a 13-for-28 Week 2 performance against Jacksonville that generated just 122 passing yards, he since has completed 75% of his passes.

“When people say they’re slowing down, I don’t know what games they’re watching,” Belichick said at a news conference this week. “I’d like to be able to go out and average 35 points a game.”

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

MIND GAMES: PSYCHOLOGIST SAYS PATS HAVE GOTTEN INSIDE COLTS’ HEADS

Nov 4, 2005 – {Note from Dr. Murray: Phil Richards writes a good article in accurately describing the truth of winning streaks and losing streaks which cannot be ignored, but Phil will be the first to say that I did not in any way make a prediction on this game or claim that the Pats have the Colts number! He is simply using the headline to demonstrate that any team which has lost 6 straight to another team has to deal with this reality and remove that pink elephant from the room! He does not mention in this article that I also advised that any team facing this kind of challenge (similar to my rationale for the MPI in focusing on every play of the game) needs to focus only on every moment and every snap, and not on that big pink elephant in the room!}

Indianapolis Star – Phil Richards – If the subject is numbers, then consider these: The Indianapolis Colts have lost their past six games to New England, including playoff defeats that ended their 2003 and 2004 seasons. They have lost their past nine appearances in Foxborough, Mass., where they will meet the Patriots again this week on “Monday Night Football.”

In the vernacular of sport, New England might be said to have the Colts’ “number.”

“A lot of coaches will say, ‘That’s hogwash. Forget it.’ But you know what? You have to deal with reality, and the reality is you’ve lost how many in a row?” said John F. Murray, a Palm Beach, Fla., sports psychologist who has worked with NFL teams and players.

“Oftentimes, the solution is to forget the streak, but how do you do that? It’s like saying, ‘Let’s not think about this pink elephant in the middle of the room right now. Whatever you do, don’t think about this pink elephant.’ ”

Colts coach Tony Dungy is inclined to neither feed peanuts to that pink elephant, nor ignore it. His team will study its losses to New England, but only in an effort to learn, to improve, to get it right this time.

“I guess you can’t ignore it because it’s history,” Dungy said, “but it’s not going to have an effect on what happens in this game.”

John Rauch, Harvey Johnson, Lou Saban, Jim Ringo and Chuck Knox might have recited the same motto. They were Buffalo’s head coaches while the Bills were losing 20 consecutive games to Miami from 1970-79.
That the Bills were persistently pathetic through most of that stretch explains away much of the Dolphins’ magic. But Buffalo went 9-5 in 1973 and did it again in 1974. Of their 10 losses those two seasons, Miami inflicted four.

People were beginning to say that Tennessee had the Colts’ number when the Titans ended a 13-3 Colts season with a victory at the RCA Dome during the 1999 playoffs, then came back in 2002 to sweep the Colts and win the title in the new AFC South.

The Colts have climbed that mountain. They have won their past five games against the Titans.

“Now they’re probably saying we have Tennessee’s number,” Colts linebacker David Thornton said. “I’m not too big on people thinking, ‘I’ve got your number. We can always beat you.’

“This is a new team, a new season.” New team, fresh hopes

It is indeed a new team. A 38-34 loss to New England at the RCA Dome during the 2003 season cost the Colts home-field advantage and a first-round bye during the playoffs. The Colts had to go to Foxborough for the AFC Championship Game.

The Patriots won it 24-14 to advance to the Super Bowl. The Colts went home.Fewer than half of the 53 players from the 2003 Colts remain on the active roster. This is a new team.

Chris Carr, a sports psychologist with Methodist Sports Medicine Center, said research indicates that a focus on the present facilitates optimal performance.

Play not just one season at a time or even one game at a time. Play one snap at a time. Each snap is a game within a game; win enough snaps and the accumulation wins the game.

It also occupies the focus to the exclusion of distractions such as streaks, one team having the other’s number, and the rest.
That’s why Carr, who has worked with the Kansas City Royals the past six years, forbids his pupils’ use of the word “slump.”

“If you’re telling me you’re in a slump, that means you’re using a description of past performance, being 0-for-20, as an excuse for your next failure,” he said.

Carr used to work with the U.S. Ski team, and he remembers well Sports Illustrated’s preview of the 1994 Olympic Games at Lillehammer, Norway.
“They used the phrase ‘Uncle Sam’s lead-footed snowplow brigade,’ and that we hadn’t medaled since 1984,” Carr recalled. “It was a description of the past. Our athletes were able to go into the Olympics, Tommy Moe in particular, and be very focused on race day.”

Moe won the downhill gold and became the first U.S. skier since 1964 to win two medals. The U.S. won five, a team record.

“From a story line, it’s intriguing to say, ‘Here’s the history,’ ” Carr said. “From a performance standpoint, those past games in Foxborough should be totally irrelevant to Monday night.”

They will be as big a factor as the Colts let them.

That’s the opinion of Challace McMillin, a mental training coach who teaches psychology at James Madison University, where he founded the football program and spent many of his 20-plus seasons as an NCAA Division I-AA coach.

McMillin’s position echoed Carr’s and was supported by another sports psychologist who has worked with NFL players, Rutgers University psychology professor Jim Mastrich.

“Let’s say the first play of the game, quarterback sack, fumble and the Patriots recover,” Mastrich proposed. “The Colts have two choices: They can walk around with their heads down, ‘They’ve got our number. Who’s kidding whom? They’re going to beat us anyway.’

“Or they can say, ‘Let’s go. Every snap of the ballgame is a game within a game. Play it one snap at a time. This is the only thing that matters.’ ”
Unbeaten, unfulfilled

The Colts (7-0) are in an interesting position. They are the league’s lone unbeaten team. They are 31/2-point favorites to win where they haven’t won since 1995, where quarterback Peyton Manning is 0-9, where their trips to the Super Bowl have been canceled the past two seasons.

They know they will face adversity. New England (4-3) is hobbled by injury, struggling on defense and inconsistent in the running game, but it has the champion’s presence. It is proud and poised. It has won the Super Bowl three of the past four seasons.

And it has committed 11 turnovers against the Colts in 12 meetings since Manning moved under center in 1998. The Colts have committed 34.

“The past is the past,” Colts defensive tackle Montae Reagor said. “This is the now. The same way they hunt for us, we’ll hunt for them.

“We’re not going to panic. We’ve come too far. We’ve been through too much. We’ve had our share of ups and downs but we’ve grown as a team and we know how to handle those situations if they show up.”

The Colts have won 15 of their past 16 regular-season games. Winning, like losing, becomes a habit, and habits will collide Monday. The fire will be burning on both sides of the field.

“You have to channel it in the right way,” Dungy said. “People that win big games are people that can function in a pressurized environment and do the same thing they do in a training camp practice.

“That’s what we have not done against New England. We’ve gone there and false-started on the first play of the game. We’ve done those kinds of things, which you can’t do because it’s hard enough to beat a good team when you do everything right.”

Stay in the moment. Play the game snap by snap. The mottos are trite but true. The Colts know them. The pink elephant waits.

Record of futility

The Colts have gone 2-14 against the New England Patriots since 1996. The record:

Season Winner Score
1996 Patriots 27-9
1996 Patriots 27-13
1997 Patriots 31-6
1997 Patriots 20-17
1998 Patriots 29-6
1998 Patriots 21-16
1999 Patriots 31-28
1999 Colts 20-15
2000 Patriots 24-16
2000 Colts 30-23
2001 Patriots 44-13
2001 Patriots 38-17
2003 Patriots 38-34
*2003 Patriots 24-14
2004 Patriots 27-24
*2004 Patriots 20-3

* Playoff game.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

BENDING THE RULES; SHADY ETHICS DEEPLY INGRAINED IN BASEBALL

Sun-Sentinel – Nov 3, 2005 – Harvey Fialkov – In a time when nearly everyone knows someone who cheats, whether it’s on their income taxes, golf score or spouses, it’s a wonder why baseball fans seem surprised that players are using steroids to gain a competitive advantage.

Long before bitter slugger Jose Canseco accused some of baseball’s superstars of using performance-enhancing drugs, ballplayers have been caught breaking the rules or at least stretching them to gain a competitive edge.

The underlying issue is what does baseball consider acceptable cheating, and is this win-at-all costs behavior just a sad reflection of society?

“Everyone cheats,” White Sox manager Ozzie Guillen told reporters earlier this season. “If you don’t get caught, you are a smart player. If you get caught, you are cheating. It has been part of the game for a long time.

“If you’re doing whatever you’re not supposed to do and you don’t get
caught, keep doing it.”

Guillen just led the White Sox to their first World Series championship since 1917. Coincidentally, it’s the same franchise that was forever sullied by the Black Sox scandal in which eight members of the White Sox allegedly were paid by gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series.

Say it ain’t so, Ozzie.

In Game 2 of the recently- completed ALCS, White Sox batter A.J. Pierzynski swung and missed a low pitch for strike three with two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning. Pierzynski took a step toward the dugout before racing to first base after Angels catcher Josh Paul flipped the ball toward the mound.

Umpire Doug Eddings, who seemingly called Pierzynski out on strikes, ruled that that the ball was trapped by Paul. Thus, Pierzynski was safe at first.

Replays appeared to show that Paul caught the ball on the fly, which made Joe Crede’s game-winning double a few moments later a bitter pill for the Angels and their fans to swallow.

“I didn’t fake them out,” Pierzynski said. “I was off balance. I took one
step to the dugout and realized he didn’t tag me, so I ran. There’s no
faking.”

In Game 2 of the World Series, White Sox slugger Jermaine Dye was awarded first base when umpire Jeff Nelson incorrectly ruled that a pitch from Astros reliever Dan Wheeler hit Dye instead of his bat.

That set up Paul Konerko’s grand slam and a White Sox come-from-behind victory.

CHEATING STARTS EARLY

There’s a huge chalk line of distinction drawn between cheating and taking advantage when umpires make bad calls. But the concern is that cheating has already dripped down to the Little League level.

A coach of a T-ball team in a Pittsburgh suburb was charged this summer with paying off a 7-year-old player on his team to injure an autistic teammate so the latter wouldn’t be able to play in a big game.

It has been nearly five years since a scandal rocked the Little League World Series when it was discovered that the father of Danny Almonte, a left-handed pitching phenom for a Bronx All-Star team, had forged his birth certificate, saying his son was 12 instead of 14, or 2 years older than the limit.

Marlins reliever Todd Jones has admitted using pine tar on his glove to get a better grip on the ball when he pitched for the Rockies. He also has described the art of scuffing a baseball in a column for Sporting News.

“Tell your Little Leaguer you shouldn’t do it because you’re playing for
fun,” Jones said.

“When you’re playing for keeps in the big leagues, you’ve got to try and be creative as you can. It just depends on where you draw the line.”

The baseball rulebook specifically prohibits using foreign substances on
the ball (or glove) with a potential penalty of ejection and suspension.

Cheating was under scrutiny this season after Nationals manager Frank
Robinson correctly accused Angels reliever Brendan Donnelly of using pine tar. Donnelly was suspended for 10 games, but it was later reduced to eight.

“That’s the tightrope you walk if you’re going to cheat,” Robinson said.

JUST DON’T GET CAUGHT

So why shouldn’t pitchers and batters stock their locker with products from Home Depot and Walgreens when spit, Vaseline, shaving cream, pine tar and sandpaper have not only been accepted but rewarded for decades?

Hall of Fame pitcher Gaylord Perry won 314 games and wrote an autobiography entitled Me and the Spitter, as baseball’s hierarchy looked the other way.

“There’s an old saying, `If you’re not cheating, you’re not trying,’ so
you’re always looking for an edge,” said retired knuckleball pitcher Charlie Hough. “It’s not like it’s the end of the game.”

Marlins pitcher Brian Moehler was with the Tigers in 1999 when he was
caught with sandpaper taped to the thumb of his pitching hand while dazzling the Devil Rays through six innings. He was ejected and suspended for 10 games.

“I knew it was wrong,” Moehler said. “I was kind of persuaded into it, and obviously, I’d never do it again. It’s amazing that after it happened how many guys come up to you and say you should try it this way or that way.”

PAYING THE PRICE

Cheating has been part of the game for nearly a century, so why the sudden outcry, particularly concerning steroid use?

“Players used to fly in with their spikes high, and they fixed the World
Series, so I don’t think this is the most corrupt period in baseball, period,” said Randy Cohen, author of The Ethicist, a regular feature in the New York Times Magazine. “But the steroid issue, well, fans want the games to be played by human beings or otherwise there’d be giant monster robots on the field.

“There’s an ethical code in sports that everyone agrees to when they decide to play. Players have an obligation to obey the rules or the sport will cease to exist.”

Former Cubs favorite Sammy Sosa, now with the Orioles, tarnished his
pristine reputation when his bat popped its cork during a game two seasons ago.

“If you get caught, it’s just like committing a crime in the streets;
you’ve got to pay the price,” Marlins pinch hitter Lenny Harris said. “It’s
embarrassing.”

Astros manager Phil Garner still laughs when recalling the time 221-game winner Joe Niekro was frisked on the mound and an emery board fell out of his back pocket during a 1987 game.

“Corked bats do absolutely nothing but make the bat lighter. But I faced
[Don] Sutton, and you could see the mark on the ball where he [scuffed] it,” Garner said. “Yeah, it’s cheating.”

EVERYONE DOES IT

Late in the season, White Sox pitcher Mark Buehrle claimed that the Texas Rangers were stealing signs electronically and then signaling them to hitters using a high-tech light system from center field at Ameriquest Field.

Former Marlins manager Jack McKeon believes stealing signs from the
opposition is within the rules, but not if you need a telescope from the
center-field bleachers as the Giants allegedly did to help them “steal” the 1951 NL pennant from the Dodgers.

“Everyone who says they haven’t cheated is crazy,” McKeon said. “You cheat in school or driving down the highway exceeding the speed limit or not wearing your seat belt.”

Other than the obvious financial carrots, what possesses wealthy, talented players to resort to cheating?

“It can help or hurt an athlete depending on how it is done and when,” said Dr. John F. Murray, a West Palm Beach sports performance psychologist.

“Reputation is also important in sports, so an athlete or a team who engages in unfair behavior too much can actually reduce their chances of winning over time as referees and officials will be less accepting, and opponents can gain a motivational advantage.”

Marlins broadcaster Tommy Hutton, who batted .248 during a 12-year
big-league career is fed up with the bandwagon-jumping critics of baseball shortcuts.

“When the pitching rubber got muddy, pitchers used to stand three inches in front it,” Hutton said. “Everyone knew [Perry] threw a spitter and that Sutton and Rick Rhoden scuffed the ball. Nothing was ever done about it.

“[Cheating] is done in every sport. In basketball you get an offensive foul by bringing the guy into you. All of a sudden we’re a society that’s all concerned about that stuff.”

SAY IT AIN’T SO? From top, Shoeless Joe Jackson went down in history as a cheater, while A.J. Pierzynski, at left with Scott Podsednik, will be remembered as a sly opportunist. Sammy Sosa and Jose Canseco saw their stars tarnished by scandalous behavior. File photos

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

SPADEA STOPS LJUBICIC IN LYON

Tennis Week -Oct 26, 2005 – Last month, Vince Spadea boldly guaranteed he will crack the top 10 and reach his highest career ranking in the coming year. Today, the 66th-ranked Spadea commenced his climb back up the rankings with one of his biggest wins of the season. Spadea defeated fourth-seeded Ivan Ljubicic, 7-6, 7-5, to advance to the second round of the Grand Prix de Tennis de Lyon.

Drained by his grueling duel with second-ranked Rafael Nadal in Sunday’s Madrid final in which the top-seeded Spaniard rallied from a two-set deficit to earn a 3-6, 2-6, 6-3, 6-4, 7-6(3) triumph that spanned three hours, 51 minutes, Ljubicic was understandably weary playing his 16th match in the last 22 days.

The 11th-ranked Croatian, who captured consecutive championships in Metz and Vienna prior to reaching the Madrid final, had won 16 of his last 17 matches (including two Davis Cup singles victories in Croatia’s semifinal conquest of Russia) but encountered a stubborn Spadea who stood up to Ljubicic’s power-based baseline game and put returns back in play.

“I haven’t had enough time to recover from my week in Madrid. I lacked energy,” Ljubicic said. “I gave everything I had but it was not enough. I was not very optimistic after the draw here. I knew that Spadea was one of the few players on the circuit capable of returning my serves well. He confirmed it today.”

Since falling to Greg Rusedski in the Newport final in July, Spadea stumbled to 3-9 record and exited in the opening round in six of his last nine tournaments. But the strong-willed Spadea took the court carrying the confidence of a man who had won two of his three career meetings with Ljubicic, including a 6-4, 7-6 victory in the 2004 Lyon round of 16 en route to the tournament semifinals. Ljubicic’s lethal one-handed backhand is his best ground stroke, but Spadea used his two-handed backhand to repeatedly repel Ljubicic in the cross court backhand exchanges.

The 31-year-old Spadea will face French wild card Michael Llodra for a place in the quarterfinals. Llodra was a 7-6, 6-3 victor over Xavier Malisse. Spadea has won two of three matches with Llodra, but the left-handed Llodra won their last meeting in the 2004 Adelaide quarterfinals.

Spadea, top-seeded Andy Roddick and eighth-seeded Robby Ginepri are the lone Americans left in the Lyon draw.

In other opening-round results: France’s Fabrice Santoro defeated American Taylor Dent, 6-3, 7-5.

Spadea, who recently completed a book with Tennis Week contributing writer Dan Markowitz that is a behind-the-scenes look at life on the ATP Tour, told Tennis Week last month he will reach his highest career ranking in 2006.

“Comebacks are never easy, but they are a part of sports, and I’m quite ready and excited about this new challenge,” said Spadea, who has resumed working with sport psychologist Dr. John Murray in an effort to aid his comeback. “I will return to my highest ranking ever. I guarantee it!”

Related Story: Spadea Issues Top 10 Guarantee

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

NY YANKEES SUPPORT SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY

Jun 12, 2005 – The NY Yankees have sent a brief supportive letter in favor of Dr. John F. Murray’s mission to tear down the stigma associated with sport psychology and mental health.

Thanks Yankees! Growing up, I was an avid Yankees fan in the Ft. Lauderdale, Florida area in the 1970s where they held Spring Training.

Alex Rodriguez, George Steinbrenner, and the NY Yankees organization should be commended for their support of sport psychology!

A-Rod is the best baseball player in history and the Yankees are the most successful sports franchise ever. It’s interesting how the best usually speak up first on important issues of needed change!

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

ON FITNESS: TUNED IN

Seattle Times – Oct 22, 2006 – Richard Seven – Missy Boone listens to music on her iPod during her running workouts. Studies suggest that listening to music while exercising improves the results.

Dance with a Box: Tricia Gomez, designs and markets “Hip Hop in a Box,” a way to teach movement to children. It comes with DVDs, CDs, a workbook and flash cards. Gomez, a former Laker Girl, has been a dancer for 28 years and opened her first studio at 17. Her product is aimed mainly at children younger than 10. She says it is about giving kids direction without squashing their creativity. (www.danceinabox.com).

MY FIRST INSTINCT was to make fun of “Drums Alive” when I saw it at a fitness conference in Las Vegas. The inventor, Carrie Ekins, was flanked by two slim women in matching black Spandex and wristbands. They were using drumsticks to pound anchored fitness balls. The ballroom was packed and all the participants were mimicking every move, slapping the orbs, stepping here, twirling there, pounding balls with rhythmic precision.

A marching band with nowhere to go, I thought.

But as I sat back and watched, I recalled what powerful things drumming and music are. The focus was dead-on. The louder Ekins shouted over her headset the louder the crowd responded.

I’ve always appreciated the power of music as a motivator and leader, but “Drums Alive” led me to look a bit closer and realize it is more than a distraction, which is how I tend to use it.

Stacey Richards, fitness product manager for Power Music, estimates the U.S. and Canadian group-exercise market at about $15 million a year.

“There were 40 million club members in the U.S. as of 2004 and 50 million iPods sold by Apple,” Richards says. “Put the two together and you have a very large potential market for personal exercise music.”

Power Music is one of the largest and more established vendors. But there are many. At the same convention, I saw six music companies showing their wares, exhibiting titles like: “Feel My Energy #1” (145 bpm), “Ticket To Ride” (134 bpm) and “La Cumbianchera” (136 bpm). BPM is a measure of musical tempo or speed of a song. A song at 120 BPM contains two beats each second. The BPM is tailored to a specific activity. For example, a step workout is safest and most effective in the 120-to-130 bpm range, and a cardio floor workout can be anywhere between 130 and 160 bpm. A bpm in the 122-to-140 range is great for mid- to fast-paced workouts, such as walking, elliptical and cardio machines.

“It’s about body mechanics and matching tempo to the movement,” says Richards. “The effectiveness of the music in the workout will depend on the energy of the individual song choices, the flow and energy of the song order and the ideal beats per minute related to the intended use or workout.”

Seattle’s Karen Moyer uses Power Music (www.powermusic.com) tapes to power the spinning classes she teaches at her Magnolia studio, Go Legs (www.golegs.net).

“My classes are all about the music,” she says. “It gets me and everyone else excited and into it. It makes all the difference.”
advertising

Does it really make a difference? Some studies suggest so. One by Farleigh Dickinson University, tracking 41 overweight or obese women, found that women who used portable CD players on their walking workouts lost more weight and body fat than those who didn’t use the devices over a six-month period.

“Walking to music seemed to really motivate the women in our study to get out there and stick with the commitment they made,” wrote researcher Christopher Capuano.

Another study looked at the effect of different music tempos on athletic intensity and performance. Subjects pedaled a stationary bicycle for an hour while listening to music of varying tempo. The subjects were free to ride as hard or easily as they felt. Predictably, speed and power output increased as the tempos did.

The music companies emphasize the optimal fitness music beat, but many of us tend to be more informal. I always listen to an iPod when I walk or jog. It distracts me. I forget about the chore and drift off. I also subtly ramp up with faster songs and chill on the slower. You could call it my own informal and unscientific bit of interval training.

Sports performance psychologist John F. Murray uses music with his athletes. It inspires, soothes and provides focus. But too often, he said, we use it strictly to tune out, which is not always a good thing. Sometimes, you need focus. You also need to be in touch with your limits on each particular day or outing. You can’t let Bob Dylan, of all people, to push you too far. Also, turn the sound down a smidge and save your eardrums. Also, don’t get so taken with the music that you forget your surroundings. Cars and creeps are out there.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.

ATHLETES PLAY DESPITE MAJOR HEALTH RISKS

Palm Beach Post – Oct 22, 2005 – Carlos Frías – Merril Hoge’s fears were fading. He was working out again, running, lifting weights. Concussions had ended his NFL career and put his future health in jeopardy. But a year after the hit that finally put him out of football, he was having doubts about his retirement.

He looked in the mirror, saw his 30-year-old face and physiqueâ€? the body of a former running back for the Chicago Bears and Pittsburgh Steelersâ€? and thought, “I can still play.”

He had not forgotten his doctors’ warnings. After suffering four concussions in five weeks in 1994 with the Bears, he was left with permanent damage. Bright lights caused pounding headaches. The bruises on his brain caused anxiety and paranoia for weeks. For a time, he couldn’t remember his wife’s and daughter’s names, much less his home telephone number.

“The next hit could leave me…” He paused.

In a vegetative state?

“If I was lucky,” he continued. “It could be fatal. Not even in a game. In practice.”

Bruschi’s decision

But Hoge wanted to play again. He needed to play again.

He understands what’s driving Tedy Bruschi, the New England Patriots linebacker who made a surprising return to the practice field this week nine months after suffering a stroke.

Bruschi temporarily lost his vision and was numb along the left side of his body when he was stricken just 10 days after the Patriots’ Super Bowl win against Philadelphia. Health, Bruschi said, was his first priority, but he never truly accepted the possibility of not playing again.

“There were times, in my mind, I thought I was done,” he told The Associated Press. “If I could express to you what this means to me (to return), I would, but I don’t know if I really can.”

Doctors have cleared Bruschi, telling him the condition should not keep him from playing.

Doctors big part of decisions

Hoge wasn’t as fortunate. He called Dr. Joe Maroon, the neurosurgeon who had denied him a medical clearance, to ask if there was a chance he could return to the field.

“It was sinking in, the reality of not being able to play again. I needed confirmation,” said Hoge, now an NFL analyst for ESPN. “You get better, you get healthy, and you tend to forget how long the season is, how physical it is.”

Maroon, who still works with the Steelers, put it simply:

” ‘Merril, I’m sure. I’m positive,’ ” Hoge remembers the doctor saying. “It was not easy for him, either, because I was at the top of my career.

“But he said, ‘I could not lay my head down at night knowing I let you go back and play.’ ”

Bruschi and the Patriots are confident that he is healthy enough to return.

Doctors found the problem and fixed it: a tiny hole in his heart that caused poor blood flow to his brain.

Some stroke victims are always at risk for a relapse, but Bruschi should not be one of them, said Dr. James Goldenberg, a neurologist at JFK Medical Center in Atlantis and a spokesman for the American Stroke Association.

“This is an example of something that can be fixed,” Goldenberg said. “Playing football, despite that very physical contact, shouldn’t put him at risk in the future.”

Still, when it comes to risk, elite athletes often have a difficult time walking away from their game.

Most will exhaust all medical opinions, undergo all possible surgeries, endure chronic pain, and sometimes even take risks to continue playing the sport that, in many ways, made them who they are.

“They see themselves as athletes and only athletes,” said Dr. John Murray, a Palm Beach Gardens-based sports psychologist.

Bruschi isn’t the only athlete who recently has returned to a sport despite a health issue.

Mourning understands

Eddie Curry, a 22-year-old NBA center, missed most of last season with the Chicago Bulls after doctors found he had an irregular heartbeat from a potentially fatal heart defect.

Before this season’s training camp opened, Curry refused to submit to a test the Bulls required that could have revealed a condition that killed Boston Celtics guard Reggie Lewis and collegiate star Hank Gathers.

The league eventually approved a trade to the New York Knicks, whose doctors cleared Curry to play.

Alonzo Mourning’s return from a kidney transplant has been well-chronicled. The Heat center said he can empathize with Bruschi about the moment the linebacker was told that he had a severe condition.

“What’s going through his mind is, ‘Am I healthy enough to play football?’ ” Mourning said. “For me, it was, ‘Am I healthy enough to play basketball and am I putting my life in jeopardy?’

“There’s a whole lot of things you feel: Uncertain. Impatient. Scared. Anxious.”

Mourning accepts his risks.

The kidney he received was added to his two and placed just below his abdomen. He wears a special pad to protect it when he plays.

He said he would walk away from the game if the condition meant his life was at imminent risk. But he never stopped trying to return to the court, even when he had to miss two seasons because of the illness. His family tried to encourage him to retire.

Mourning had already become rich in the sport, but he said only one message from doctors would have kept him away: “That playing ball would put my life in jeopardy. Plain and simple.”

“Every athlete has a clock to his career, and it’s up to each athlete to decide when it’s time to walk away from it,” he said.

Pain, risks seen as worthwhile

Orlando Magic forward Grant Hill was faced with retirement after missing the better part of four seasons with an ankle injury that never seemed to heal properly.

Hill endured four surgeries and a staph infection, but returned to be named an All-Star last season.

“This is what you do. This is who you are,” Hill said. “It’s something you always feel you can do.”

Constant pain isn’t enough to keep athletes from competing, Murray said, because they are conditioned to accept it and play through it.

Unlike a weekend warrior, who might hurt an ankle and take a week off, a professional athlete stops seeing pain as an indicator of something wrong.

“To them, pain can sometimes signal feeling alive,” said Murray, who studied the subject with the University of Florida football team during its 1996 national championship season. “Getting in touch with the physical pain can be therapeutic. The emotional pain of retirement can be more devastating than the temporary physical nature of pain.

“The pain of retirement means loss.”

Hoge said football players do realize that pain could signal the risk of serious injury, but they choose not to dwell on the danger.

“We understand that’s part of the game, but you just can’t function under that thought process,” Hoge said.

“If you consume yourself in thinking about that, you’re just not going to be a very good player.”

Though he was mentally and physically conditioned over years to play a dangerous sport, Hoge finally realized it was over for a good reason.

“It was hard to curb that appetite,” said Hoge, who rushed for more than 3,000 yards in an eight-year career.

Dr. John F. Murray is a sports psychologist and clinical psychologist providing sports psychology and counseling services based in Palm Beach, Florida.