Students Wishing to Become Sports Psychologists Should Read This

Do You Want to Become a Sports Psychologist?

Where does the field and the science of sports psychology stand today in 2013?  In a nutshell, it is still an emerging science and profession that is often cloaked in mystery and ignorance. Part of the problem is that there are so few people who have actually become fully licensed and legitimate psychologists who specialize in sport. Another aspect is that to become a licensed psychologist and sports psychologist who can see clients independently and provide both mental training for sports and more general psychotherapy too, you have to obtain training and experience in two vastly different disciplines: psychology and the sports sciences. Understanding the field and profession of sports psychology can be difficult at best!

Ponder the implications for a second. Psychologists are social scientists who usually come from an orientation of helping others through careful listening, understanding, reflecting and providing a needed therapeutic intervention for mental distress. Of course there are exceptions but I believe I speak for many. Now contrast that with the role of a competitive sports psychologist like myself, coming from a sports and coaching background, whose mission is more likely to help my clients win the Super Bowl, become the heavyweight champion of the world, or find the strike zone better in baseball. Whereas one profession is associated with “therapeutic” and gentle caring, the other is directed toward helping athletes sharpen their fighting skills to destroy their opponent! Imagine the sea of potential differences!

In some ways this contrast in styles is true and in some ways not, as even top prize fighters need therapy at times and even depressed middle aged managers need to perform better in their weekend bowling leagues! Of course, extreme contrasts are more salient in memory than fine nuances or technical differences. The fact is that to help an athlete or team in a profession that is known as sports psychology, you really would be well suited if you could offer a broad range of skills acquired through a total and complete exposure to both sports and the various sports sciences, as well as all that professional psychology has to offer. It is the merger of these two often contradictory and different disciplines – the various sports sciences and psychology – that produces state of the art applied sports psychology today. Mental toughness is rooted in a lot of training and experience!

Training for this profession is never easy or rapid, and only the most persistent and completely focused graduate students and beginning professionals will even stand a chance of gaining specialization in two totally separate academic disciplines that appear so different.  Patience and practical experience in these two areas is needed. Try to find a supervisor to help you gain the hours needed for a state license and it is not easy at all as there are so few psychologist/sports psychologists. Those not licensed by definition cannot supervise. It is a classic catch 22!

While psychology programs for years have been organized to provide academic and professional training opportunities (after WWII injured soldiers’ needs led to the creation of vast internship opportunities at VA Hospitals), similar programs in sports science departments have not been nearly so well organized and usually do not exist. As a result, a student going through a sports science program is not likely to obtain the hands on training gained by his psychology student counterpart even if he or she is exposed to marvelous research and literature, ideas and dogma. In a similar way, the psychology student does not receive sports science training because the courses do not usually exist in those areas in a psychology department. The key for the student is independent thinking and resourcefulness, and mental toughness too.

As a general rule in life, we become who we are surrounded by. The sober truth is that if you go to a sports science program you will become just that – a sports scientist – because your mentors will be those people.   The same holds true in reverse with those being trained by psychologists. This all further highlights the fact that to gain this training and experience students need to be extremely open-minded, creative, and flexible. In my own pursuits as a graduate student, I started in a sports science program, got a masters degree, and was fortunate to jump ships and gain admittance to a totally different world – a clinical psychology doctoral program. It was like going from a football stadium during homecoming to a university library on Spring Break. The world of contrasts jumped out at you. Students in sports sciences tended to be fitter, more jock-like, and less rigorous academically. This is not to say that the jocks were lacking intelligence or that the egg-heads lacked in physical coordination, but there was a clear distinction between blue and white collars, GPA, GRE scores, educational background, sports experience and more.

The same contrasts held true for practical training opportunities in each program. The psychology part was easy to gain since the system is set up for that. The hardest part for me was to find an internship (the last year of any PhD program in professional psychology) that was both APA accredited as a psychology internship but also with a full year training program in sports psychology. You might be shocked to hear this, but it was the only accredited psychology internship in the country with this dual designation! I had been granted a truly rare internship and this was going to help me become the sports psychologist I had always wanted to become.

The following year this pattern continued with a similar set-up of working with athletes on my post-doctoral fellowship at FIU in Miami where I was hired in the counseling center, but did a lot of outreach to the athletic department and the various teams and coaches. I was able to work with athletes and teams on many issues including performance enhancement with a tennis team that had their best season in history (the same happened the previous year on internship with the tennis team) as well as working with general students through the counseling center.

While you may not have the opportunity or time to gain training in separate graduate school programs like I did, you don’t need to lose hope or give up. You might consider looking into some programs that did not exist when I was in school. You can also gain this experience in the community once you finish your formal studies, and one way is to pay a current practicing sports psychologist for extra supervision until you are qualified (usually 2000 hours after the doctorate of supervised work).

The main message here is that the bare minimum to be able to practice this profession independently, ethically and legally, compels you to obtain training, supervision, and academics in two arenas that may seem worlds apart. You definitely need a state license to practice. There is no getting around that if you want to practice independently.

If you think getting entry into this field is hard, you are right. But don’t lose hope. It is possible to do what you love. I do it. With persistence anything is possible and what is nice about the challenges in getting properly educated and credentialed is that it nicely mirrors what we are asking our athletes and teams to do on a regular basis! Just as they need to achieve and become one of the top 1% of 1% of 1%, those who make it into this profession are often the hardest workers who just refuse to quit or give in, even to monetary pressures!

I am hopeful that more get into this profession so that more know about sports psychology. I often feel like I am fighting an uphill but winning battle in letting others know about it and that is why I am so grateful to the media for helping me spread the good word.

Whether you are a sailor, salesman, stock broker or sports psychology student, never give up on your dreams. Work hard and you will find that your luck increases! Did I really say that? I am supposed to be a scientist! I am just kidding. Let’s get real. And let’s tune into sports psychology! If the most basic need in life is survival, and sports psychology teaches and trains people to survive and even thrive better, then by definition a huge key to life is sports psychology and what it offers!

There are great benefits for athletes, coaches, managers and owners for fully integrating this sports psychology science and profession into their training and programs. If you want to get into the profession, you have to battle and hang in there and battle again, and never lose hope. You really get to use the skills you teach others! With effort you can make it in this exciting science and profession of success. I hope you enjoyed this glimpse into the world of sports psychology and I would be happy to help you on your career course by answering any questions.

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20 Responses to “Students Wishing to Become Sports Psychologists Should Read This”

  1. nick iacovoni says:

    hello john, i just read your article and I want career advice. i want to be a sports psychologist. I’m a freshman in college right now and if there is anyway you could contact me i would be blessed. thank you!

  2. Riley Sullivan says:

    Hi John, I’m going to be a Senior in high school and am very interested in being a sports psychologist. Unfortunately I am from a pretty small city that doesn’t have any sports psychologists within our state, let alone city, to talk to about what classes I should be enrolling in come my freshmen year of college and what I should major/minor in and where to go after that. It’d be greatly appreciated if I could hear back from you!
    Thank you again,
    Riley Sullivan

  3. Benjamin Marshall says:


    I’m currently a psychology and exercise science double major undergrad student. I’ve done internships in both fields but as graduation approaches I wish to get more concrete experience in the field. I’ve applied to work with licensed sports psychologists but have not been accepted for lack of credentials or simply lack of interest in intern work. I was wondering if you could share some of your early beginnings in the field, what kind of work did you look for to help form a solid resume and gain professional experience in the field?

  4. Rachael says:

    Great article. I’m graduating next year with a Bachelor’s and am looking into what to do after that. The ultimate dream is to have a Ph.D. in sports psychology and work with Olympic athlete, but I’m a little curious about the best way to get there. I’ve been told to get a Master’s Degree in Clinical Psychology first, then move on to a Ph.D. in Sports Psych. Is that really a good idea or should I only focus on Sports Psych? Also, do you know of any organizations that offer internships which would help build my resume for Sports Psych?

  5. Andrealiz Afable says:

    Thank you for the insightful article Dr. Murray. I’m a recent psychology graduate and currently researching graduate programs to pursue sports psychology. I was wondering if you had any tips on which schools to look at?

  6. Dale says:

    Athletes think too much when it comes to winning and losing. At an elite level, an athlete needs to master his/her skill better or equal then the other athlete of course, then bring this confidence into a game situation by leaving the past and future out of it, which then, just leaves you being in the zone…this is all they need to worry about controlling, but there are subtleties that we tend to forget years before or may not understand that play a key factor like the power of thought, the subconscious and especially the power of universal mind or laws.

    Belief is the cornerstone of all manifestation in anything we do. Even before we see the results. Being a great athlete is physical, mental and spiritual. When one can tap into the spiritual beauty of sport, they will understand that pressure is an illusion we accept as reality. It is a earthly law, not an universal law. All pressure is just a distraction to take us off our game…that’s it. Get rid of and embrace pressure and all you have left is pure/laser focus. I am talking at an elite level.

  7. Arantxa says:

    I’m a psychologist from Spain and I would like to work like a sports psychologist out of my country so I would like to ask you what can I do to have some experience in this area.

    Thank you.
    Kind regards.

  8. Tatiana J says:

    Hello there.:) This was very helpful. I just recently found out about sports psychology and I want to know it all. I am looking to become a sports psychologist and I really want to know the pros and cons. From taxes to how long it may take to pay back the expenses in which the studying of this course will accumulate. I am a senior in high school and I am STILL deciding what I want to starr a career in. In other words, my major is undecided. I want to know, what should I do if I want to be able to support myself before I am actually liscenced? Should I have a second major or a minor in which I could rely on until I officially become a Sp. Psy.? What are the best steps to take if the university I plan to attend only has psychology, and not sports psychology? To say the least, I really need a mentor. I need help creating a plan on becoming a successful sports psychologist.

  9. Dr. Murray,

    It may also be helpful for your readers and consumers to know that the Division of Exercise and Sport Psychology worked with the leadership of the American Psychological Association to develop the Proficiency in Sport Psychology. For more information about the Proficiency visit here:


    Christine Selby, Ph.D.
    President, Division of Exercise and Sport Psychology of the
    American Psychological Association

  10. Brandon says:

    Great article John.

    Looking forward to more.

  11. Brandon says:

    Great article John.

  12. Kirandeep Sokhal says:

    Hi John! I’m a high school student and I was wondering what courses I should take to that will best support sports psychology?

  13. […] Later that year I wrote: Students Wishing to Become Sports Psychologists Should Read This […]

  14. Courtney Framm says:

    Dr. Murray,
    I also find your knowledge about the filed of sports psychology very helpful.I am a psychology undergraduate student. I have a strong passion for both sports as well as psychology but did not necessarily know what schooling choices would be appropriate for this path. I was wondering if there were other combinations of sports degrees and psychology degrees that one interested in sports psychology could take. Thank you.
    Courtney Framm

  15. maryam namavar says:

    Im from iran . i read your advices and tips about sport psychology. im doing my M.A in clinical psychology and i have degrees in sports too. ive decided to work on sport psychology for my M.A will be some thing new in our country becouse we dont have such thing here. i need some help for my research.i’d like t work on this major.
    Maryam Namavar.

  16. Nancy King says:

    Dr. Murray,
    What you said is so absolutely on target. I have a Ph.D. in Sport Psychology. My program was “housed” in the sport science department, not the psychology department so I was not licensible when I graduated. I have been a member of the psychology faculty at the University of Saint Mary for 19 years, a profession I dreamed of all of my life (after I realized I would never play for the Green Bay Packers). I teach a course in Psychology of Sport for our athletes – a dream come true every spring semester. I have multiple students interested in this field, one in particular who wants to study with you. My thanks and appreciation for your advice and wisdom.
    Nancy Dunavant King, Ph.D.

  17. Lyndsey says:


    Thank you for posting this article. I am a senior at a small university which offers only one course about sports psychology. It is my dream to continue my education in sports psychology and by reading your article I am hoping someday soon that dream will turn into reality. Thank you for sharing. Good luck with all of your further endeavors.

  18. Jeff says:

    Good Day John,

    Thanks so much for taking the time in providing this type of intel relating to becoming a sport psychologist. Your overview is extremely helpful and wish I spoke to you prior to following this course.

    I’ve been in the IT/IS community for the past 20 years and enjoyed it. About two years ago started grad school and attained a MS in Sport Psychology earlier this year and am pursuing a PhD in psychology. Sport Psychology being such a small discipline, there are very few if any that will afford me a practicum opportunity in Virginia. In review of attaining a license in any of the states, that are all different, it is somewhat confusing! I have a boat load of questions…perhaps we can chat off line!

  19. Natalia says:

    Thank you very much for this article. It was encouraging for me to see that there are possibilities out there to become a sports psychologist, with effort it can be done! I have been interested in sports psychology for a while now, after going through 4 shoulder surgeries between the end of high school and beginning of college, I was finally forced to give up sports. It is something I have struggled with since day one and something I still continue to struggle with every day. I want to be able to help others who have to go through similar situations and all of the other problems that can arise with being a competitive athlete. I am currently getting my bachelors in sports management and minor in sports psychology and have been trying to figure out the best way to go about continuing my education to obtain degrees in sports psychology so your article was very helpful for me to see how it can be done, especially in a time when it is hard to find information and success in this amazing field!

  20. Andrew says:

    Thanks John. As an undergraduate psychology major who has been pondering the pursuit of becoming a sports psychologist, this article was straightforward and very helpful. Thank you for your insight and everything you do to get the idea of sports psychology out there!

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