McClatchy Newspapers (Published in over 70 media outlets including AP Wire, Kansas City Star, Boston Herald, Honolulu Advertiser, and more) – Kent Babb – April 19, 2009 – KANSAS CITY, Mo. â€” They want a breakthrough. They want to dig deep enough to scratch a nerve, break it down and tear through the protective layers of toughness and ambition.
Hereâ€™s the scene: A stranger taps you on the shoulder, pointing the way toward a room or a hallway or a corridor, and thatâ€™s where heâ€™ll ask questions about your childhood or your past or your parents. You met this person two minutes ago, and you trust the stranger because â€” why? Heâ€™s working for a NFL team at the leagueâ€™s scouting combine, yet another of a hundred questioning gatekeepers, like the man who measures the vertical jump or the other who initiates the bench-press display.
This stranger is giving a test, and with the right answers, you may pass through his gate and hear your name called at next weekendâ€™s NFL draft. The right combination of answers, and entrance could be worth $40 million.
What if your father is in prison? Or you busted your roommateâ€™s nose at the beginning of sophomore year? Or skipped class for three weeks straight? Or told your coach once to take his playbook and shove it? Or tried Ecstasy once, or was it twice? Or donâ€™t especially enjoy playing football?
â€œQuestions about yourself, nitpicking at your character,â€? says Chiefs offensive tackle Branden Albert, a first-round pick last year. â€œYouâ€™ve got to be honest.â€?
Heâ€™ll ask those questions and make notes. Heâ€™ll measure your words, your tone, your body language. When heâ€™s finished, youâ€™ll head toward another test, and the sports psychologist will begin compiling a report to share with more strangers, and theyâ€™ll determine not just whether youâ€™re worth millions, but if you can handle the reality of being worth that kind of money.
As pro football races to adapt to its next generation â€” with its growing salaries, refined branding and sharper scrutiny â€” there is a disturbing byproduct that the league is now trying to curb: Some men are just not mentally prepared for the NFLâ€™s demands.
Former first-round draft picks such as Vince Young, Matt Jones and Plaxico Burress have, within the past year, allegedly displayed regrettable judgment and signs of perhaps questionable mental health, and teams are trying to figure out whether to help players with psychological problems or simply avoid them. Theyâ€™re trying to settle that debate by examining draft prospectsâ€™ minds in the same exhaustive way that, for years, teams have tested playersâ€™ bodies.
The combine used to measure height and weight, and that was about it. But that was when an entire team could be paid what a lower-rung player makes today. They might have missed some things back then, and that might not have always been a bad thing.
â€œThereâ€™s got to be some sort of psychological problems with me,â€? says Joe DeLamielleure, a Hall of Fame guard who was drafted in 1973. Joe was undersized, and the Buffalo Bills overlooked that. They also overlooked that before Joe finished Michigan State, his mother was the educated one in the house, having completed eighth grade, and Joe was one of 10 children and a bed wetter and a kid who woke up at 2 a.m. on weeknights to clean his dadâ€™s bar in downtown Detroit, and then heâ€™d climb back into bed for two good hours before it was time to dress for school.
â€œTeacher told my mother that nobody yawned as much as me,â€? Joe says now. â€œThese days, theyâ€™d have looked at all those issues and said, â€™Nah, I donâ€™t think this kid can do it.â€?â€™
NFL teams want the whole truth, and that means digging deeper than ever. Whether it is the best or worst new habit by NFL teams, it is difficult to argue that some donâ€™t yet know how to appropriately gather and digest this information.
According to two well-known doctors, sports psychology in the NFL is held back by intimidation and soiled by inexperience. The problem with all that is teams have never placed as much emphasis on playersâ€™ mental framework as they are doing now.
Teams want to eliminate risk, and they have embraced psychological evaluations as a worthy research tool. Itâ€™s a start, but some teamsâ€™ commitment, comfort and expertise in the science remain in their infancy.
â€œWeâ€™re still in the dark ages,â€? sports psychologist John Murray says. â€œThere are going to be a lot of mistakes as people stumble around.â€?
That was made clear in February, when Georgia quarterback Matthew Stafford, the likely No. 1 overall draft pick, was evaluated at the scouting combine. A psychologist affiliated with the San Francisco 49ers reportedly prodded Stafford, 21, about lingering issues related to his parentsâ€™ divorce. Stafford bristled, and that made him look evasive; bottled up. The psychologist compiled a report and delivered it to team officials. Staffordâ€™s reaction to the probing compelled a testy but resolute Mike Singletary, the 49ers coach, to say on a radio show that Stafford had failed an essential test â€” and as a result, Singletaryâ€™s team wasnâ€™t planning to draft Stafford.
â€œMaybe he doesnâ€™t belong here,â€? Singletary told Bay Area radio station KNBR.
Singletaryâ€™s comments underscored that NFL teams are no longer muting the importance of mental health. But Staffordâ€™s case also raised concerns about the unpolished manner in which the player was evaluated, worries that the details of a confidential meeting with a psychologist had been discussed and judged publicly, and the reality that some teams view this delicate and complicated science through a black-and-white lens: that a player is either fit or unfit to play professional football.
â€œYou have something that people donâ€™t understand,â€? says Jack Stark, a clinical psychologist who conducted player evaluations during the combine in 1996. â€œThey donâ€™t know what they want.â€?
Hereâ€™s the scene: Itâ€™s late January 2003, and Barret Robbins is gone again. Heâ€™s the Oakland Raidersâ€™ Pro Bowl center, and he has picked Super Bowl week as the time to disappear, wandering San Diegoâ€™s streets at night and heading across the border to Tijuana, Mexico. Heâ€™ll say later that he drank himself into a stupor and even considered suicide â€” all because heâ€™s uncertain he can handle the expectations and pressure of playing in the Super Bowl.
After nearly a week of wandering, Robbins is incoherent at the teamâ€™s Saturday night meeting. The Raiders suspend Robbins for the Super Bowl, which the team loses, and Robbinsâ€™ teammates are furious. A year later, Oakland gives up on him, and Robbins wonâ€™t play football again. It is revealed too late that Robbins suffered from bipolar disorder and severe depression. A more haunting fact emerges: Robbinsâ€™ problems could have been treated years earlier, possibly preventing his Super Bowl breakdown and a chain reaction that killed his career.
â€œThere were some signs,â€? says Robbinsâ€™ agent, Drew Pittman. â€œItâ€™s a brutal, brutal thing. My awareness of it was changed forever by … seeing the things that happened to him.
â€œSociety in general is not very sympathetic. Over the last five years, society has changed dramatically. The same thing is happening in the NFL.â€?
With Robbins in mind, and last yearâ€™s mysterious one-day disappearance of Tennessee Titans quarterback Young, the league is setting foot on unfamiliar ground. The principle of mental evaluations is decades old, but the emphasis is new. Until recently, teams havenâ€™t ruled out prospects because of their psychological profiles.
â€œIf Jeffrey Dahmer could run a 4.2 40,â€? Stark says of the old way, â€œsomebody would go after him.â€?
Todayâ€™s standard is driven by the hope that, one way or another, episodes similar to Robbinsâ€™ can be avoided â€” for playersâ€™ sake and so that teamsâ€™ high-stakes gambles are more likely to pay off. With many examples of breakdowns still fresh, teams are finely tuned to erratic behavior, and theyâ€™re no longer burying mental-health concerns under a sea of toughness and machismo, a pair of elements that might have made players reluctant to seek help or admit they needed it.
Most NFL teams do not employ team psychologists. Some keep doctors on retainer or contract them as consultants, such as the time Stark evaluated players for the Miami Dolphins in 1996. Stark says he interviewed two or three players at a time, making notes of the playersâ€™ traits â€” self-promoter, team player, violent history, introverted, etc. â€” and submitted a single-spaced, one-page report on about 75 prospects. But he also noticed that some team psychologists were not qualified to assess players.
â€œPeople would call themselves doctors who werenâ€™t doctors,â€? he says. â€œThe owner will hire somebody they knew or because they did marriage counseling with their kids. Itâ€™s not like they go and look for the top 10 guys in the country.â€?
Stark says one â€œpsychologistâ€? at that combine held no doctoral degree and possessed no sports psychology experience. He was, in fact, a counselor at a prison in Louisiana.
â€œAn old boysâ€™ network,â€? Murray says. â€œLegitimacy is ignored. Theyâ€™re going to get what they paid for.â€?
Greg Aiello, the NFLâ€™s senior vice president of public relations, says the league doesnâ€™t regulate how teams conduct evaluations, enforce a standard for teams to follow, or suggest whom a team should choose to analyze prospects.
More unsettling, Stark says, is that some havenâ€™t acknowledged that psychology begins, and doesnâ€™t end, at an evaluation. As teams struggle to understand what their observations mean, players with perceived problems are being shunned.
â€œThereâ€™s a stigma,â€? Pittman says.
Hereâ€™s the scene: At the same combine that Stafford was questioned, scouts were eager to watch another potential No. 1 pick, former Alabama offensive tackle Andre Smith. He is big, strong and athletic â€” the prototype NFL lineman. Earlier this year, Smith had been rated by ESPNâ€™s scouting service as the most talented prospect in the 2009 draft class. But there was a problem when it was Smithâ€™s turn to face the gatekeepers: He had disappeared.
Last month at Alabamaâ€™s pro day, Smith, a 332-pound lineman, stunned observers by removing his shirt before lumbering down a track. Last week, he fired his agent. All this after Smith was suspended for Januaryâ€™s Sugar Bowl.
Smithâ€™s episodes of unpredictable behavior have added up, and heâ€™s seen as a risky player. Now, ESPN ranks Smith as the No. 14 prospect, and he might fall from the draftâ€™s top 10, perhaps costing him millions. Alabama coach Nick Saban, a former NFL coach, has tried to slow Smithâ€™s fall by explaining to league officials that he simply received and followed bad advice.
â€œAndre Smith is a good person, a good guy,â€? Saban says. â€œThis is a little bit of a lesson for maybe all players to learn.â€?
Stark says he has recommended to coaches that they hire full-time sports psychologists to help players who display erratic behavior, sometimes an early signal of a disorder. That way, the team that drafts a player such as Smith can determine whether he is among the 40 percent of the United States population that, according to Stark, suffers from mental illness.
â€œIt could be a red flag,â€? he says of Smithâ€™s behavior, â€œbut it could be a normal reaction to being scared. Some of these kids have nobody to talk to.
â€œIf Iâ€™m going to pay 25 million for this guy, I need to know if heâ€™s going to walk out of camp if my coach yells at him. But letâ€™s get him some help from the day he gets here.â€?
Stark says at least three teams â€” the Indianapolis Colts, Carolina Panthers and New York Giants â€” acknowledge the value of thorough evaluations conducted by qualified doctors. He says their examinations are comprehensive and as thorough as time constraints allow.
â€œThey know what theyâ€™re doing,â€? he says.
But some executives and coaches remain skeptical. He says some have told him it is the coachâ€™s job to manage playersâ€™ moods, and in the event of a crisis beyond the coachâ€™s expertise or patience, players are directed to the team chaplain.
Stark says he would be surprised if Stafford ever trusts a therapist after his combine interview. Worse, the episode might have stifled the NFLâ€™s progress toward taking mental health seriously. Stafford was, in a way, punished for being honest â€” and Stark says Stafford, and others who paid attention, might have taken from that experience that itâ€™s better to deny or ignore problems than to address them. Stark says that contradicts what psychology is meant to accomplish.
â€œItâ€™s a mess,â€? he says.
Murray says that playersâ€™ inevitable hesitation will not ease until teams invest in licensed, legitimate doctors and understand that a playerâ€™s mind cannot be disassembled and understood in the 30-minute blocks afforded each team at the combine. San Francisco 49ers director of public relations Bob Lange would neither identify the psychologist who interviewed Stafford, whether he or she is licensed, or reveal whether he or she was a team employee. Lange says that as a matter of policy, the team doesnâ€™t discuss any part of the teamâ€™s medical approach.
â€œFor too long,â€? Murray says, â€œtheyâ€™ve tried to sweep it under the rug and say itâ€™s not important. But now that theyâ€™ve embraced it, theyâ€™re doing it awkwardly.
â€œItâ€™s a complex, mysterious thing, the mind. Itâ€™s a very delicate thing you have to deal with. You get all this training and you get all geared up to go, ready to help some team, and theyâ€™re afraid of it.â€?
Murray says that teams havenâ€™t mastered how to retrieve information or find a suitable avenue to use it, but he admits it is encouraging that the NFL has begun to acknowledge the mind as a pathway to success or failure.
The mind, after all, might be the last natural frontier of predicting the difference between Peyton Manning and Ryan Leaf, players who look the same on film but are far different in how they approach success and handle it. An informed, educated opinion might win a Super Bowl, and a wrong decision might set in motion a $40 million mistake.
â€œThat decision is so critical,â€? Stark says. â€œAny little edge is huge. Theyâ€™re looking at you and saying, â€™Jack, I canâ€™t be wrong on this one. Iâ€™ll lose my job.â€™ Thereâ€™s just too much money involved. You canâ€™t afford to guess wrong.â€?